The food industry is a production department that processes and manufactures products produced by the departments of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, vice, and fishery to obtain food, and is closely related to people's lives. It includes a very broad category, which is generally roughly divided into ten categories, namely the sugar industry, fermentation industry, grain and oil processing, canned food processing, tobacco industry, beverage industry, condiment industry, slaughter processing, food refrigeration industry and food processing waste utilization industry. .
Food industry testing is divided into two main categories: food quality and food safety. Food quality mainly refers to the nutritional components of food. The main indicators for detection are protein, dietary fiber, crude fiber, fat, fatty acid, trans fatty acid, total sugar, starch, vitamins, minerals, and moisture. The common detection indicators in food safety are pesticide residues, veterinary drug residues, microbial detection, analysis of harmful substances (heavy metals, nitrites, sulfur dioxide residues, aflatoxins, melamine), food additives (preservatives, sweeteners, pigments) ), Genetically modified food, etc.